Notes: Native Americans Notes! And Quizlet here!
Sample Exam IDs and Essays:
Westward Expansion and Native Americans
Define AND explain the significance of the following. There are 10; YOU PICK 5!
Homestead Act Manifest Destiny reservation
Transcontinental Railroad Nativism Bureau of Indian Affairs
Great Plains Alice Fletcher “Kill The Indian; Save the Man”
assimilation Chief Joseph
“Kill the Indian; Save the Man” – a phrase and act/program, that made Native Americans get rid of their culture. Like all those NA kids that went to school and had to learn English, dress like “Americans” (whitey). This was significant because it broke the culture of Native American tribes. This slowly corrupted NA tribes, and today they live very poorly, and have little remaining of their culture.
Reservation – when Americans “gave” Indians different land because the Americans needed the land the Indians were originally on. (They were forced to move locations that the US government already reserved for them. The Americans took land that wasn’t theirs to begin with.) The reservation allowed NAs to stay as a family and keep their traditions. Eventually these reservations are taken away with “Kill the Indian; Save the Man” and the Dawes Act.
Assimilation – a policy which forces immigrants to adopt native customs. Significant because NA were forced to adopt English/white people customs instead of keeping their own. An example of assimilation was forced reservations, the Dawes Act, Indian Schools and the English language.
Nativism – a policy of favoring/preferring “native born” peoples over foreign born, during the late 19th Century. Significant in that it was ironic because few prferred actual native born people (Native Americans) and it showed that Americans were not inclusive of all immigrants. Example: The Chinese Exclusion Act.
- Explain the Dawes Act and Indian Schools.
- What effects did these actions have on Native Americans.
- Why did many Americans support these actions as a solution to the “Indian Problem?”
- Consider discussing geographic, economic, political, and social influences to adopting these actions)
- Write. Write. Write. The more you write the better!
The Dawes Act gave 160 acres of land to each individual Native American. The US government used the policy to acquire more land, because the US wanted to settle more European immigrants out West. To get this land the government forced Native American reservations to be split up. To further destroy NA tribes, the government established Indian Schools, which destroyed culture by trying to “civilize” the NAs by forcing NA to be more European and to abandon tribal customs like traditional dress, marriage ceremonies, haircuts, LANGUAGE, etc.
The Great Plains were great for farming and it motivated white settlers to expand and take Native American land for economic gain. The transcontinental railroad was complete and it helped “Americans” get out west to more quickly settle. Businesses were getting bigger and more global and made more money for Europeans – who needed more land – and it made racist Europeans force Indians to be more like them “capitalist entrepreneurs”.